## thought of a new way of converting packed to planar graphics

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psycopathicteen
Posts: 2923
Joined: Wed May 19, 2010 6:12 pm

### thought of a new way of converting packed to planar graphics

Code: Select all

lda {word_a}
asl #2
eor {word_b}
and #\$cccc
tay
eor {word_b}
xba
asl
tax
lda lut,x
ror
sta {word_b}

tya
lsr #2
eor {word_a}
xba
asl
tax
lda lut,x
ror
sta {word_a}

How this works is that it takes 2 words like this:

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ccccddddaaaabbbb
gggghhhheeeeffff
Swap bits so that planes 0 and 1 are separates from 2 and 3:

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ccggddhhaaeebbff
ccggddhhaaeebbff
Then swap high and low bytes:

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aaeebbffccggddhh
aaeebbffccggddhh
Then shift left to get the index for a 64kB conversion LUT, and then shift the high bit back in, and we're done.

I didn't count how many cycles this takes but I believe this would be pretty fast, as long as you already have 2 pixels per byte in the first place.

Edit: Found out this takes 69 cycles total, so 8.625 cycles per pixel.

Drew Sebastino
Formerly Espozo
Posts: 3503
Joined: Mon Sep 15, 2014 4:35 pm
Location: Richmond, Virginia

### Re: thought of a new way of converting packed to planar grap

I have no idea how long other methods take, but that's really pretty fast if it's only just over 8 cycles per pixel. Using some really loose math (to get an exact measurement, you would need to know how many cycles are toward (fast)rom vs ram, how you got the bytes in the first place, etc) I got that it'd take about 1/10 of a second to convert an entire 256x224 screen. That's not bad for small software rendering stuff like variable width font, as mentioned in the other thread, or layering sprite graphics for customization or whatnot.

psycopathicteen
Posts: 2923
Joined: Wed May 19, 2010 6:12 pm

### Re: thought of a new way of converting packed to planar grap

Code: Select all

lda \$0000,y	//6
asl #2		//4 10
eor \$0002,y	//6 16
and #\$cccc	//3 19
tcd		//2 21	use dp register as a temporary register
eor \$0002,y	//6 27
xba		//3 30
asl		//2 32
tax		//2 34
lda lut,x	//6 40
ror		//2 42
sta \$0002,y	//6 48

tdc		//2 50
lsr #2		//4 54
eor \$0000,y	//6 60
xba		//3 63
asl		//2 65
tax		//2 67
lda lut,x	//6 73
ror		//2 75
sta \$0000,y	//6 81
Unfortunately, doing it to an arbitrary RAM location is not quite as fast as doing it using fixed memory locations. It takes 81 cycles assuming that the "indexed addressing takes an extra cycle if index registers are 16-bit" thing is true. Also, if I'm not using the "increment by 8, 32 times" mode in the \$2115 register, and I'm just doing sprite patterns, I would need to also switch the order of the words within the tiles.

Oziphantom
Posts: 824
Joined: Tue Feb 07, 2017 2:03 am

### Re: thought of a new way of converting packed to planar grap

Why do you have Packed data and not planar data?

psycopathicteen
Posts: 2923
Joined: Wed May 19, 2010 6:12 pm

### Re: thought of a new way of converting packed to planar grap

Oziphantom wrote:Why do you have Packed data and not planar data?
In case I feel like making either a ray casting engine, or a super tight compression algorithm.

psycopathicteen
Posts: 2923
Joined: Wed May 19, 2010 6:12 pm

### Re: thought of a new way of converting packed to planar grap

I just came up with a compression algorithm earlier today. You can do RLE compression on 8x8 blocks, but instead of just horizontal it can choose between horizontal, vertical, or diagonally, with a zigzag pattern.